Nanoelectronic Devices using Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Electrodes: Fabrication and Electronic Transport Investigations
Field effect transistors, fabrication, electrode, carbon nanotube, graphene, organic semiconductor, charge injection, charge transport
Fabrication of high-performance electronic devices using the novel semiconductors is essential for developing future electronics which can be applicable in large-area, flexible and transparent displays, sensors and solar cells. One of the major bottlenecks in the fabrication of high-performance devices is a large interfacial barrier formation at metal/semiconductor interface originated from Schottky barrier and interfacial dipole barrier which causes inefficient charge injection at the interface. Therefore, having a favorable contact at electrode/semiconductor is highly desirable for high-performance devices fabrication. In this dissertation, the fabrication of nanoelectronic devices and investigation of their transport properties using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and graphene as electrode materials will be shown. I investigated two types of devices using (i) semiconducting CNTs, and (ii) organic semiconductors (OSC). In the first part of this thesis, I will demonstrate the fabrication of high-performance solution-processed highly enriched (99%) semiconducting CNT thin film transistors (s-CNT TFTs) using densely aligned arrays of metallic CNTs (m-CNTs) for source/drain electrodes. From the electronic transport measurements at room temperature, significant improvements of field-effect mobility, on-conductance, transconductance and current on/off ratio for m-CNT/s-CNT devices were found compared to control palladium (Pd contacted s-CNT devices. From the temperature dependent transport investigation, a lower Schottky barrier height for the m-CNT/s-CNT devices was found compared to the devices with control metal electrodes. The enhanced device performance can be attributed to the unique device geometry as well as strong ?- ? interaction at m-CNT/s-CNT interfaces. In addition, I also investigated s-CNT TFTs using reduced graphene oxide (RGO) electrodes. In the second part of my thesis, I will demonstrate high-performance organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) using different types of graphene electrodes. I show that the performance of OFETs with pentacene as OSC and RGO as electrode can be continuously improved by increasing the carbon sp2 fraction of RGO. The carbon sp2 fractions of RGO were varied by controlling the reduction time. When compared to control Pd electrodes, the mobility of the OFETs shows an improvement of ?200% for 61% sp2 fraction RGO, which further improves to ?500% for 80% RGO electrode. Similarly, I show that when the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene film is used as electrodes in fabricating OFET, the better performance is observed in comparison to RGO electrodes. Our study suggests that, in addition to ?-? interaction at graphene/pentacene interface, the tunable electronic properties of graphene as electrode have a significant role in OFETs performance. For a fundamental understanding of the interface, we fabricated short-channel OFETs with sub-100nm channel length using graphene electrode. From the low temperature electronic transport measurements, a lower charge injection barrier was found compared to control metal electrode. The detailed investigations reported in this thesis clearly indicated that the use of CNT and graphene as electrodes can improve the performance of future nanoelectronic devices.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Sciences; Sciences -- Dissertations, Academic
Kang, Narae, "Nanoelectronic Devices using Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Electrodes: Fabrication and Electronic Transport Investigations" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1487.