Biosolids, Ferrate, Dewatering, Disinfection
This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the liquid form of ferrate for dewatering of biosolids from wastewater treatment facilities. Two different ferrate products prepared using calcium hypochlorite and sodium hypochlorite were used. Samples of anaerobic digested sludge and waste activated sludge with solids content of 2.1% and 0.95 %, respectively were conditioned with both products to evaluate and compare their effectiveness. Centrifugation and filtration of the sludge after conditioning were used. For centrifugation the volume reduction and the turbidity of the supernatant after centrifugation were evaluated. For filtration, the Capillary Suction Time test was used. The optimum doses and conditions for dewatering of the sludge using ferrate were determined for each type of sludge. The centrifugation and filtration results were compared with those obtained for polymer doses currently used at the wastewater treatment plants where the samples were collected and with ferric coagulants as well. The results of this research indicated that optimum pH was 7.0. The time required to achieve mechanical equilibrium defined as the time at which the volume occupied by the solids was no more than one percent of the preceding reading was 1800 seconds for both types of sludge. The optimum rotational speeds were 800 and 2400 for waste activated sludge and anaerobic digested sludge, respectively. The optimum ferrate dose for anaerobic digested sludge for centrifugation and filtration was 5000 mg/l. For waste activated sludge a dose of 10 mg/l was found to be effective for filtration and centrifugation. The results indicated that the ferrate product prepared using calcium hypochlorite provides better results for the waste activated sludge than the ferrate prepared using sodium hypochlorite, while for anaerobic digested sludge no significant difference was observed. Finally, the results show that ferrate is a cost-effective alternative for the conditioning and disinfection of waste activated sludge, but not for the conditioning of anaerobic digested sludge.
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Master of Science in Environmental Engineering (M.S.Env.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Rios, Andrea, "Dewatering Of Biosolids By Sodium Ferrate" (2004). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 229.