Keywords

Cerium oxide nanoparticles, soft particle electrokinetics, catalase activity, polyacrylic acid, molecular weight

Abstract

The application of Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) for therapeutic purposes requires a stable dispersion of nanoparticles in biological environment. The objective of this study is to tailor the properties of polyelectrolyte coated CNPs as a function of molecular weight to achieve a stable and catalytic active dispersion. This was achieved by coating CNPs with polyacrylic acid (PAA) which increased the dispersion stability of CNPs and enhanced the catalytic ability. The stability of PAA coating was analysed using the change in the Gibbs free energy computed by Langmuir adsorption model. The adsorption isotherms were determined using soft particle electrokinetics which overcomes the challenges presented by other techniques. The Gibbs free energy was highest for PAA coated CNPs by 250 kg/mole indicating the most stable coating. The free energy for PAA 100 kg/mole coated CNPs is 85% lower than the PAA250 coated CNPs. This significant difference is caused by the strong adsorption of PAA100 on CNPs. Catalytic activity of PAA-CNPs is accessed by the catalase enzymatic activity of nanoparticles. The catalase activity was higher for PAA coated CNPs as compared to bare CNPs which indicated preferential adsorption of hydrogen peroxide induced by coating. Apart from PAA coating the catalase activity is also affected by the structure of the coating layer.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2013

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Seal, Sudipta

Degree

Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Materials Science Engineering

Degree Program

Materials Science and Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0005410

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0005410

Language

English

Release Date

June 2015

Length of Campus-only Access

1 year

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Subjects

Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science, Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic

Restricted to the UCF community until June 2015; it will then be open access.

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