LDMOS, transistors, models, hot carrier effect, reliability, integrated circuits;


One of the main problems encountered when scaling down is the hot carrier induced degradation of MOSFETs. This problem has been studied intensively during the past decade, under both static and dynamic stress conditions. In this period it has evolved from a more or less academic research topic to one of the most stringent constraints guaranteeing the lifetime of sub-micron devices. New drain engineering technique leads to the extensive usage of lateral doped drain structures. In these devices the peak of the lateral field is lowered by reducing the doping concentration near the drain and by providing a smooth junction transition instead of an abrupt one. Therefore, the amount of hot carrier generation for a given supply voltage and the influence of a certain physical damage on the electrical characteristics is decreased dramatically. A complete understanding of the hot carrier degradation problem in sub-micron 0.25um LD MOSFETs is presented in this work. First we discuss the degradation mechanisms observed under, for circuit operation, somewhat artificial but well-controlled uniform-substrate hot electron and substrate hot-hole injection conditions. Then the more realistic case of static channel hot carrier degradation is treated, and some important process-related effects are illustrated, followed by the behavior under the most relevant case for real operation, namely dynamic degradation. An Accurate and practical parameter extraction is used to obtain the LD MOSFETs model parameters, with the experiment verification. Good agreement between the model simulation and experiment is achieved. The gate charge transfer performance is examined to demonstrate the hot carrier effect. Furthermore, In order to understand the dynamic stress on the LD MOSFET and its effect on RF circuit, the hot-carrier injection experiment in which dynamic stress with different duty cycle applied to a LD MOS transistor is presented. A Class-C power amplifier is used to as an example to demonstrate the effect of dynamic stress on RF circuit performance. Finally, the strategy for improving hot carrier reliability and a forecast of the hot carrier reliability problem for nano-technologies are discussed. The main contribution of this work is, it systemically research the hot carrier reliability issue on the sub-micron lateral doped drain MOSFETs, which is induced by static and dynamic voltage stress; The stress condition mimics the typical application scenarios of LD MOSFET. Model parameters extraction technique is introduced with the aid of the current device modeling tools, the performance degradation model can be easily implement into the existing computer-aided tools. Therefore, circuit performance degradation can be accurately estimated in the design stage. CMOS technologies are constantly scaled down. The production on 65 nm is on the market. With the reduction in geometries, the devices become more vulnerable to hot carrier injection (HCI). HCI reliability is a must for designs implemented with new processes. Reliability simulation needs to be implemented in PDK libraries located on the modeling stage. The use of professional tools is a prerequisite to develop accurate device models, from DC to GHz, including noise modeling and nonlinear HF effects, within a reasonable time. Designers need to learn to design for reliability and they should be educated on additional reliability analyses. The value is the reduction of failure and redesign costs.


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Graduation Date





Yuan, Jiann S.


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Degree Program

Electrical Engineering








Release Date

March 2008

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)