Keywords

Brain Atlas, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, MR, Knowledge Based, Pyramid, Resolution, Anisotropic, Brain Tumor

Abstract

Medical Image Analysis has emerged as an important field in the computer vision community. In this thesis, two important issues in medical imaging are addressed and a solution for each is derived and synergistically combined as one coherent system. Firstly, a novel approach is proposed for High Resolution Volume (HRV) construction by combining different frequency components at multiple levels, which are separated by using a multi-resolution pyramid structure. Current clinical imaging protocols make use of multiple orthogonal low resolution scans to measure the size of the tumor. The highly anisotropic data result in difficulty and even errors in tumor assessment. In previous approaches, simple interpolation has been used to construct HRVs from multiple low resolution volumes (LRVs), which fail when large inter-plane spacing is present. In our approach, Laplacian pyramids containing band-pass contents are first computed from registered LRVs. The Laplacian images are expanded in their low resolution axes separately and then fused at each level. A Gaussian pyramid is recovered from the fused Laplacian pyramid, where a volume at the bottom level of the Gaussian pyramid is the constructed HRV. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is validated by using simulated images. The method has also been applied to real clinical data and promising experimental results are demonstrated. Secondly, a new knowledge-based framework to automatically quantify the volume of enhancing tissue in brain MR images is proposed. Our approach provides an objective and consistent way to evaluate disease progression and assess the treatment plan. In our approach, enhanced regions are first located by comparing the difference between the aligned set of pre- and post-contrast T1 MR images. Since some normal tissues may also become enhanced by the administration of Gd-DTPA, using the intensity difference alone may not be able to distinguish normal tissue from the tumor. Thus, we propose a new knowledge-based method employing knowledge of anatomical structures from a probabilistic brain atlas and the prior distribution of brain tumor to identify the real enhancing tissue. Our approach has two main advantages. i) The results are invariant to the image contrast change due to the usage of the probabilistic knowledge-based framework. ii) Using the segmented regions instead of independent pixels facilitates an approach that is much less sensitive to small registration errors and image noise. The obtained results are compared to the ground truth for validation and it is shown that the proposed method can achieve accurate and consistent measurements.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2007

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Shah, Mubarak

Degree

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (M.S.E.E.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Degree Program

Electrical Engineering

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0001803

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0001803

Language

English

Release Date

September 2007

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Restricted to the UCF community until September 2007; it will then be open access.

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