Keywords

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites

Abstract

Although environmental monitoring of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) is an essential step to prevent human exposure to contaminated sites, it provides little information on the actual human uptake and subsequent risks. To this end, urine analysis of short-term biomarkers such as PAH metabolites fill an important niche. The general approach follows the sequence of urine hydrolysis, sample clean-up and pre-concentration, chromatographic separation and determination. Whereas chromatographic methods are based on well established laboratory techniques, the development of easy-to-use, cost-effective and large sample throughput techniques is becoming increasingly relevant to investigate adverse PAH effects on large human populations. This thesis compares the room-temperature, 77K and 4.2K fluorescence properties of 1-naphthol, 2-naphthol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 2-hydroxyfluorene, 3-hydroxybenzopyrene and 9-hydroxyphenanthrene. These metabolites are used as model biomarkers to investigate the analytical potential of a simple method of analysis based on Solid-Phase Extraction and Room-Temperature Fluorimetry. Metabolites are directly determined in the eluting solvent (methanol) without the need of previous separation via multidimensional formats. Metabolite recoveries varied between 87 ± 1.51% (9-hydroxyphenanthrene) and 99 ± 1.05% (3-hydroxybenzopyrene). For 10mL of urine samples, limits of detection varied between 0.01ng.mL-1 (3-hydroxybenzopyrene) and 0.6ng.mL-1 (2-hydroxynaphthalene). These figures of merit demonstrate the potential of this approach for screening purposes

Notes

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Graduation Date

2007

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Campiglia, Andres

Degree

Master of Science (M.S.)

College

College of Sciences

Department

Chemistry

Degree Program

Industrial Chemistry

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0001946

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0001946

Language

English

Release Date

December 2007

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)

Restricted to the UCF community until December 2007; it will then be open access.

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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