Alumina, Aluminum, Mechanical alloying, Nanocomposites
Aluminum-alumina nanocomposites were synthesized using mechanical alloying of blended component powders of pure constituents. This study was performed on various powder mixtures with aluminum as the matrix and alumina as the reinforcement with volume fractions of 20, 30, and 50 % and Al2O3 particle sizes of 50 nm, 150 nm, and 5 µm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were used for the crystal structure and microstructural characterization of the powders at different stages of milling. Al2O3 powders with 50 nm and 150 nm particle size were predominantly of γ-type, while Al2O3 of 5 µm size was of α-type. The main goal was to achieve uniform distribution of the Al2O3 ceramic particles in the Al matrix, which was achieved on milling for 24 h in a SPEX mill or 100 h in a Fritsch Pulverisette planetary ball mill. The powders were consolidated in two stages: pre-compaction at room temperature followed by vacuum hot pressing (VHP) or hot isostatic pressing (HIP) techniques to a fully dense condition. The effect of reinforcement particle size and volume fraction on the stress-strain response, elastic modulus and yield strength of the composites was investigated. Nanoindentation and compression tests were performed to characterize the composite material. Yield strength of 515 MPa, compressive strength of 685 MPa and elastic modulus of 36 GPa were obtained from compression tests. Nanoindentation results gave the yield strength of 336 MPa, maximum shear stress of 194 MPa and an elastic modulus of 42 GPa. The low elastic modulus values obtained from the above tests might be because of localized yielding possibly due to residual stresses.
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Master of Science (M.S.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Dissertations, Academic -- Engineering and Computer Science; Engineering and Computer Science -- Dissertations, Academic
Katiyar, Pushkar, "Processing, Microstructural And Mechanical Characterization Of Mechanically Alloyed Al-al2o3 Nanocomposites" (2004). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 34.