manipulatives, engagement, participation, academic performance
This study is the summary of research conducted in a third grade classroom during a unit on multi-digit addition and subtraction. The classroom teacher utilized mathematical manipulative materials throughout the course of this unit as a supplement to aid in the conceptual understanding of addition and subtraction. This study showed the effects of those manipulatives on third grade students' participation, engagement, and academic performance. Data collected from teacher observations and video recordings indicated a positive relationship between manipulatives and student participation and engagement. A pre-test/post-test and student work samples were used to determine effects on academic performance. Data showed students' academic performance increased, however the relationship between academic performance and manipulatives was found to require further research and study.
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Master of Education (M.Ed.)
College of Education
Teaching and Learning Principles
K-8 Mathematics and Science Education
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Ross, Caryn, "The Effect Of Mathematical Manipulative Materials On Third Grade Students' Participation, Engagement, And Academic Performan" (2008). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 3665.