CoNiCrAlY, thermal spray, aps, plasma spray;


Thermal barrier coatings (TBC) with MCrAlY (M=Co and/or Ni) bond coats have been widely used in hot sections of gas turbines to protect underlying superalloys from high temperatures, oxidation, and hot corrosion. Deposition of MCrAlY bond coats using atmospheric plasma spray (APS), as oppose to conventionally employed vacuum/low-pressure plasma spray and high velocity oxy-fuel deposition, allows greater flexibility in ability to coat economically and rapidly for parts with complex geometry including internal surfaces. There were three objectives of this study. First, relationships between APS spray parameters and coating microstructure was examined to determine optimum spray parameters to deposit APS CoNiCrAlY bond coats. Second, free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY coatings were isothermally oxidized at 1124ºC for various periods to examine the evolving microstructure of internal oxidation. Third, as a function of time of isothermal oxidation (i.e., internal oxidation), thermal conductivity and coefficient of thermal expansion were measured for free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY bond coats. Thirteen CoNiCrAlY coatings were deposited on steel substrates by APS using the F4-MB plasma torch. APS CoNiCrAlY bond coats were produced by incremental variation in the flow rate of primary (argon) gas from 85 to 165 SCFH and the flow rate of secondary (hydrogen) gas from 9 to 29 SCFH. Optimum coating microstructure was produced by simultaneously increasing the flow rate of both primary and secondary gas, so that the particle temperature is high enough for sufficient melting and the particle velocity is rapid enough for minimum in-flight oxidation. Optimum spray parameters found in this study were employed to deposit free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY coatings that were isothermally oxidized at 1124ºC for 1, 6, 50,100, and 300 hours. Extent of internal oxidation was examined by scanning electron microscopy and image analysis. Internal oxidation occurred by a thickening of oxide scales segregated at the splat boundaries oriented parallel to the coating surfaces. Thermal conductivity and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of the free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY coatings were measured as a function of internal oxidation (i.e., time of oxidation or extent of internal oxidation). Thermal conductivity of free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY was found to decrease with increasing internal oxidation from 28 to 25 W/m-K. This decrease is due to an increase in the amount of internal oxides with lower thermal conductivity (e.g., Al2O3). CTE of free-standing APS CoNiCrAlY, measured in temperature range of 100°~500°C, was also found to decrease with increasing internal oxidation. Internal oxides have lower CTE than metallic CoNiCrAlY coatings. These evolving properties of APS CoNiCrAlY should be beneficial to the overall performance of TBCs in gas turbine applications.


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Graduation Date



Sohn, Yongho


Master of Science in Materials Science and Engineering (M.S.M.S.E.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Mechanical, Materials, and Aerospace Engineering

Degree Program

Materials Science and Engineering








Release Date

December 2008

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Masters Thesis (Open Access)