Human lung undergoes respiration-induced deformation due to sequential inhalation and exhalation. Accurate determination of lung deformation is crucial for tumor localization and targeted radiotherapy in patients with lung cancer. Numerical modeling of human lung dynamics based on underlying physics and physiology enables simulation and virtual visualization of lung deformation. Dynamical modeling is numerically complicated by the lack of information on lung elastic behavior, structural heterogeneity as well as boundary constrains. This study integrates physics-based modeling and image-based data acquisition to develop the patient-specific biomechanical model and consequently establish the first consistent Young's modulus (YM) of human lung. This dissertation has four major components: (i) develop biomechanical model for computation of the flow and deformation characteristics that can utilize subject-specific, spatially-dependent lung material property; (ii) develop a fusion algorithm to integrate deformation results from a deformable image registration (DIR) and physics-based modeling using the theory of Tikhonov regularization; (iii) utilize fusion algorithm to establish unique and consistent patient specific Young's modulus and; (iv) validate biomechanical model utilizing established patient-specific elastic property with imaging data. The simulation is performed on three dimensional lung geometry reconstructed from four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) dataset of human subjects. The heterogeneous Young's modulus is estimated from a linear elastic deformation model with the same lung geometry and 4D lung DIR. The biomechanical model adequately predicts the spatio-temporal lung deformation, consistent with data obtained from imaging. The accuracy of the numerical solution is enhanced through fusion with the imaging data beyond the classical comparison of the two sets of data. Finally, the fused displacement results are used to establish unique and consistent patient-specific elastic property of the lung.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Seyfi Noferest, Behnaz, "Inverse-Consistent Determination of Young's Modulus of Human Lung" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5149.