Thermal poling is a technique which involves the application of a strong DC electric field to a glass substrate heated below its glass transition temperature (Tg). Following the treatment, a static electric field is frozen inside the glass matrix, effectively breaking its centrosymmetry. Historically, this treatment has been used as a way to gain access to second order non-linear optical properties in glasses. However, recent efforts have shown that the treatment was responsible for structural changes as well as surface property modifications. Our study was focused on using this technique to tailor surface properties in oxide (borosilicate and niobium borophosphate) and chalcogenide glasses. A strong emphasis was put on trying to control all changes at the micrometric scale. After poling, property changes were assessed using a set of characterization tools: the Maker fringes technique (a Second Harmonic Generation ellipsometry technique), micro-Second Harmonic Generation (µ-SHG), vibrational spectroscopy and Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS). Surface reactivity in borosilicate glasses was effectively changed while in niobium borophosphate and chalcogenide glasses, the optical properties were controlled linearly and non-linearly. Finally, property changes were effectively controlled at the micrometric scale. This opens up new applications of thermal poling as a mean to design glass substrate for integrated photonics and lab-on-a-chip devices.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Materials Science Engineering
Materials Science and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Lepicard, Antoine, "Design of surface chemical reactivity and optical properties in glasses" (2016). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5264.