Research on workplace harassment has increased in recent years, resulting in a large body of evidence suggesting that perceiving harassment at work leads to a host of negative outcomes (Jones, Peddie, Gilrane, King, & Gray, 2016; Pascoe & Richman, 2009; Triana, Jayasinghe, & Pieper, 2015; Willness, Steel, & Lee, 2007). However, despite calls to broaden the conceptualization of workplace harassment, the dominant approach in the literature has been to study a single, discrete form of harassment in isolation. The current paper addresses this limitation by simultaneously assessing multiple forms of harassment (i.e., ethnic harassment, sexual harassment, age harassment, heterosexist harassment, and religious harassment) to determine if these constructs reflect a single latent harassment variable. Additionally, the current paper proposed and tested antecedents and outcomes thought to be shared across multiple forms of workplace harassment. Lastly, the current work considers whether harassment is more strongly related to outcomes when both are conceptualized broadly in comparison to when they are conceptualized narrowly. Data from three samples demonstrated support for conceptualizing and modeling workplace harassment more broadly. Results also suggest that multiple forms of workplace harassment share a common set of predictors and outcomes. Harassment was also found to have a stronger relationship with task performance and employee health consequences when a broader conceptualization of harassment was utilized. The findings of the current paper contribute to the development of an integrated theory of workplace harassment and highlight the need for organizational and legal interventions aimed at curtailing workplace harassment.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Psychology; Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Campus-only Access)
Dhanani, Lindsay, "From Tunnel Vision to Bird's-Eye View: The Development of a Broad Harassment Construct" (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 5451.