Several metrics are commonly used to evaluate the performance of display devices. In this dissertation, we analyze three key parameters: fast response time, wide color gamut, and high contrast ratio, which affect the final perceived image quality. Firstly, we investigate how response time affects the motion blur, and then discover the 2-ms rule. With advanced low-viscosity materials, new operation modes, and backlight modulation technique, liquid crystal displays (LCDs) with an unnoticeable image blur can be realized. Its performance is comparable to an impulse-type display, like cathode ray tube (CRT). Next, we propose two novel backlight configurations to improve an LCD's color gamut. One is to use a functional reflective polarizer (FRP), acting as a notch filter to block the unwanted light, and the other is to combine FRP with a patterned half-wave plate to suppress the crosstalk between blue and green/red lights. In experiment, we achieved 97.3% Rec. 2020 in CIE 1976 color space, which is approaching the color gamut of a laser projector. Finally, to enhance an LCD's contrast ratio, we proposed a novel device configuration by adding an in-cell polarizer between LC layer and color filter array. The CR for a vertically-aligned LCD is improved from 5000:1 to 20,000:1, and the CR for a fringe field switching LCD is improved from 2000:1 to over 3000:1. To further enlarge CR to fulfill the high dynamic range requirement, a dual-panel LCD system is proposed and the measured contrast ratio exceeds 1,000,000:1. Overall speaking, such an innovated LCD exhibits supreme image qualities with motion picture response time comparable to CRT, vivid color to laser projector, and contrast ratio to OLED. Along with other outstanding features, like high peak brightness, high resolution density, long lifetime, and low cost, LCD would continue to maintain its dominance in consumer electronics in the foreseeable future.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Optics and Photonics
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Chen, Haiwei, "Advanced liquid crystal displays with supreme image qualities" (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 5698.