The nursing workforce increasingly faces issues that affect clinical and managerial practice. One such issue is work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC). Nurses face role strain as they confront the pressures from often competing work-and-family roles. This study assessed WFC/FWC among varying nurse roles: staff nurses, managerial nurses, and nurse executives. A random sample of 5,000 nurses, generated from registered nurses practicing in the state of Florida, was surveyed for this research study. Nurses were surveyed on demographics, perceptions regarding the work environment, and perceptions of WFC/FWC. Descriptively, nurses experienced more work-family conflict than family-work conflict. Regression analyses and ANOVAs indicated that staff nurses experienced less work-family conflict than nursing managers (second most) and nursing executives (highest). None of the nurse roles experienced significant levels of FWC. White nurses, compared to non-white nurses, experienced less WFC and FWC. WFC increased with shift length but FWC was not significantly affected by it. Paid leave for childbirth was associated with lower FWC. This study holds significant implication for the nursing workforce. Nurse managers and executives showed significantly higher WFC than staff nurses. This may discourage a nurse from taking on leadership roles or lead to leaving them. In an era where nurse managers and leaders are needed, efforts must be taken to decrease WFC/FWC factors. Nonwhite nurses reported higher levels of both WFC and FWC. This may contribute to tension at the workplace and a difficult family life. Leaders must continue to create platforms for nurses of all races and ethnicities to voice their work and family needs, and to be supported when doing so. Nurses working shifts over 8 hours had higher WFC levels. Although 12-hour shifts have been popular among staff and management, their use should be reevaluated. Finally, paid leave for childbirth is a program worth supporting, as it was a factor in lower FWC.


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Graduation Date





Unruh, Lynn


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Health and Public Affairs

Degree Program

Public Affairs; Health Services Management and Research









Release Date

May 2018

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)