Abstract

Both genetic pre-disposition and potential environmental triggers are shared between Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and Crohn's disease (CD). We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the negative T-cell regulators Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Nonreceptor type 2 and 22 (PTPN2/22) lead to a dysregulated immune response as seen in RA and CD. To test the hypothesis, peripheral leukocytes samples from 204 consented subjects were TaqMan genotyped for 9 SNPs in PTPN2/22. The SNPs effect on PTPN2/22 and IFN-y expression was determined using RT-PCR. Blood samples were analyzed for the Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) IS900 gene by nPCR. T-cell proliferation and response to phytohematoagglutonin (PHA) mitogen and MAP cell lysate were determined by BrdU proliferation assay. Out of 9 SNPs, SNP alleles of PTPN2:rs478582 occurred in 79% RA compared to 60% control (p-values ≤ 0.05). SNP alleles of PTPN22:rs2476601 occurred in 29% RA compared to 6% control (p-values ≤ 0.05). For the haplotype combination of PTPN2:rs478582/PTPN22rs2476601, 21.4% RA had both SNPs (C-A) compared to 2.4% control (p-values ≤ 0.05). PTPN2/22 expression in RA was decreased by an average of 1.2 fold. PTPN2:rs478582 upregulated IFN-y in RA by an average of 1.5 fold. Combined PTPN2:rs478582/PTPN22:rs2476601 increased T-cell proliferation by an average of 2.7 fold when treated with PHA. MAP DNA was detected in 34% RA compared to 8% controls (p-values ≤ 0.05), where samples with PTPN2:rs478582 and/or PTPN22:rs2476601 were more MAP positive. PTPN2:rs478582/PTPN22:rs2476601 together with MAP infection significantly increased T-cell response and IFN-y expression in RA samples. The same experimental approach was followed on blood samples from CD patients. Both PTPN2:rs478582/PTPN22:rs2476601 affected PTPN2/22 and IFN-y expression along with T-cell proliferation significantly more than in RA. MAP DNA was detected in 64% of CD. This is the first study to report the correlation between SNPs in PTPN2/22, IFN-y expression and MAP in autoimmune disease.

Graduation Date

2018

Semester

Fall

Advisor

Naser, Saleh

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

College

College of Medicine

Department

Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences

Degree Program

Biomedical Sciences

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0007371

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0007371

Language

English

Release Date

December 2019

Length of Campus-only Access

1 year

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

Included in

Biotechnology Commons

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