The ability to engineer noble-metal nanostructures (NMNSs) in a controllable manner and to understand the structure-dependent properties greatly boost our knowledge in rational design of biosensing technologies. In particular, as a type of highly efficient peroxidase mimics, NMNSs hold promising potential to break through the bottleneck of conventional enzyme-based in vitro diagnostics. During the time of my Ph.D. study, I have successfully: 1) directed a two-step method involving seed-mediated growth and chemical etching for the synthesis of Ru nanoframes (RuNFs) with face-centered cubic crystal phase and enhanced catalytic activities; 2) demonstrated, for the first time, the inherent peroxidase-like activity of RuNFs as a type of efficient peroxidase mimics, opening up possibilities for their bioapplications; 3) developed an enzyme-free signal amplification technique for ultrasensitive colorimetric assay of disease biomarkers by using Pd-Ir nanooctahedra encapsulated gold vesicles as labels; 4) prepared polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-capped Pt nanocubes with superior peroxidase-like catalytic activity and record-high specific catalytic activity; 5) developed a facile colorimetric method for the detection of Ag(I) ions with picomolar sensitivity by using the PVP-capped Pt nanocubes as the probes; 6) developed a non-enzyme cascade amplification strategy for colorimetric assay of disease biomarkers by taking advantage of the interaction between the Ag(I) ions and PVP-capped Pt nanocubes; and 7) established a highly sensitive colorimetric lateral flow assay platform by using Au@Pt core-shell nanoparticles as the labels that possess both plasmonic and catalytic properties.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Ye, Haihang, "Engineering Noble-metal Nanostructures for Biosensing Applications" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 6283.