As traffic problems on roadways have been increasing, active traffic management systems (ATM) using proactive traffic management concept have been deployed on freeways and arterials. The ATM aims to integrate and automate various traffic control strategies such as variable speed limits, queue warning, and ramp metering through a decision support system (DSS). Over the past decade, there have been many efforts to integrate freeways and arterials for the efficient operation of roadway networks. It has been required that these systems should prove their effectiveness in terms of travel time reliability. Therefore, this study aims to develop a new concept of a decision support system integrating variable speed limits, queue warning, and ramp metering on the basis of travel time reliability of freeways and arterials. Regarding the data preparation, in addition to collecting multiple data sources such as traffic data, crash data and so on, the types of traffic data sources that can be applied for the analysis of travel time reliability were investigated. Although there are many kinds of real-time traffic data from third-party traffic data providers, it was confirmed that these data cannot represent true travel time reliability through the comparative analysis of measures of travel time reliability. Related to weather data, it was proven that nationwide land-based weather stations could be applicable. Since travel time reliability can be measured by using long-term periods for more than six months, it is necessary to develop models to estimate travel time reliability through real-time traffic data and event-related data. Among various matrix to measure travel time reliability, the standard deviation of travel time rate [minute/mile] representing travel time variability was chosen because it can represent travel time variability of both link and network level. Several models were developed to estimate the standard deviation of travel time rate through average travel time rate, the number of lanes, speed limits, and the amount of rainfall. Finally, a DSS using a model predictive control method to integrate multiple traffic control measures was developed and evaluated. As a representative model predictive control, METANET model was chosen, which can include variable speed limit, queue warning, and ramp metering, separately or combined. The developed DSS identified a proper response plan by comparing travel time reliability among multiple combinations of current and new response values of strategies. In the end, it was found that the DSS provided the reduction of travel time and improvement of its reliability for travelers through the recommended response plans.


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Graduation Date





Abdel-Aty, Mohamed


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Engineering and Computer Science


Civil, Environmental, and Construction Engineering

Degree Program

Civil Engineering









Release Date

August 2019

Length of Campus-only Access


Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)