Phase retrieval tackles the problem of recovering a signal after loss of phase. The phase problem shows up in many different settings such as X-ray crystallography, speech recognition, quantum information theory, and coherent diffraction imaging. In this dissertation we present some results relating to three topics on phase retrieval. Chapters 1 and 2 contain the relevant background materials. In chapter 3, we introduce the notion of exact phase-retrievable frames as a way of measuring a frame's redundancy with respect to its phase retrieval property. We show that, in the d-dimensional real Hilbert space case, exact phase-retrievable frames can be of any lengths between 2d - 1 and d(d + 1)=2, inclusive. The complex Hilbert space case remains open. In chapter 4, we investigate phase-retrievability by studying maximal phase-retrievable subspaces with respect to a given frame. These maximal PR-subspaces can have different dimensions. We are able to identify the ones with the largest dimension and this can be considered as a generalization of the characterization of real phase-retrievable frames. In the basis case, we prove that if M is a k-dimensional PR-subspace then |supp(x)| ≥ k for every nonzero vector x 2 M. Moreover, if 1 ≤ k < [(d + 1)=2], then a k-dimensional PR-subspace is maximal if and only if there exists a vector x ϵ M such that |supp(x)| = k|. Chapter 5 is devoted to investigating phase-retrievable operator-valued frames. We obtain some characterizations of phase-retrievable frames for general operator systems acting on both finite and infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces; thus generalizing known results for vector-valued frames, fusion frames, and frames of Hermitian matrices. Finally, in Chapter 6, we consider the problem of characterizing projective representations that admit frame vectors with the maximal span property, a property that allows for an algebraic recovering of the phase-retrieval problem. We prove that every irreducible projective representation of a finite abelian group admits a frame vector with the maximal span property. All such vectors can be explicitly characterized. These generalize some of the recent results about phase-retrieval with Gabor (or STFT) measurements.
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Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
College of Sciences
Length of Campus-only Access
Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)
Juste, Ted, "Frames and Phase Retrieval" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 6512.