Keywords

Neural networks (Computer science), Extended kalman filter

Abstract

Due to some technical and environmental constraints, expanding the current electric power generation and transmission system is being challenged by even increasing the deployment of distributed renewable generation and storage systems. Energy storage can be used to store energy from utility during low-demand (off-peak) hours and deliver this energy back to the utility during high-demand (on-peak) hours. Furthermore, energy storage can be used with renewable sources to overcome some of their limitations such as their strong dependence on the weather conditions, which cannot be perfectly predicted, and their unmatched or out-of-synchronization generation peaks with the demand peaks. Generally, energy storage enhances the performance of distributed renewable sources and increases the efficiency of the entire power system. Moreover, energy storage allows for leveling the load, shaving peak demands, and furthermore, transacting power with the utility grid. This research proposes an energy management system (EMS) to manage the operation of distributed grid-tied battery micro-storage systems for stationary applications when operated with and without renewable sources. The term "micro" refers to the capacity of the energy storage compared to the grid capacity. The proposed management system employs four dynamic models; economic model, battery model, and load and weather forecasting models. These models, which are the main contribution of this research, are used in order to optimally control the operation of the micro-storage system (MSS) to maximize the economic return for the end-user when operated in an electricity spot market system. Chapter 1 presents an introduction to the drawbacks of the current power system, the role of energy storage in deregulated electricity markets, limitations of renewable sources, ways for participating in spot electricity markets, and an outline of the main contributions in this dissertation. In Chapter 2, some hardware design considerations for distributed micro-storage systems as well as some economic analyses are presented. Chapters 3 and 4 propose a battery management system (BMS) that handles three main functions: battery charging, state-of-charge (SOC) estimation and state-of-health (SOH) estimation. Chapter 5 proposes load and weather forecasting models using artificial neural networks (ANNs) to develop an energy management strategy to control the operation of the MSS in a spot market system when incorporated with other renewable energy sources. Finally, conclusions and future work are presented in Chapter 6.

Notes

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Graduation Date

2011

Semester

Summer

Advisor

Batarseh, Issa

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)

College

College of Engineering and Computer Science

Department

Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Format

application/pdf

Identifier

CFE0003964

URL

http://purl.fcla.edu/fcla/etd/CFE0003964

Language

English

Release Date

August 2011

Length of Campus-only Access

None

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Open Access)

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