Extreme operating temperatures within the turbine section of jet engines require sophisticated methods of cooling and material protection. Thermal barrier coatings (TBCs) achieve this through a ceramic coating applied to a substrate material (nickel-based superalloy). Electron-beam physical vapor deposition (EB-PVD) is the industry standard coating used on jet engines. By tailoring the microstructure of an emerging deposition method, Plasma-spray physical vapor deposition (PS-PVD), similar microstructures to that of EB-PVD coatings can be fabricated, allowing the benefits of strain tolerance to be obtained while improving coating deposition times. This work investigates the strain through depth of uncycled and cycled samples using these coating techniques with synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD). In the TGO, room temperature XRD measurements indicated samples of both deposition methods showed similar in-plane compressive stresses after 300 and 600 thermal cycles. In-situ XRD measurements indicated similar high-temperature in-plane and out-of-plane stress in the TGO and no spallation after 600 thermal cycles for both coatings. Tensile in-plane residual stresses were found in the YSZ uncycled PS-PVD samples, similar to APS coatings. PS-PVD samples showed in most cases, higher compressive residual in-plane stress at the YSZ/TGO interface. These results provide valuable insight for optimizing the PS-PVD processing parameters to obtain strain compliance similar to that of EB-PVD. Additionally, external cooling methods used for thermal management in jet engine turbines were investigated. In this work, an additively manufactured lattice structure providing transpiration cooling holes is designed and residual strains are measured within an AM transpiration cooling sample using XRD. Strains within the lattice structure were found to have greater variation than that of the AM solid wall. These results provide valuable insight into the viability of implementing an AM lattice structure in turbine blades for the use of transpiration cooling.
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Master of Science in Aerospace Engineering (M.S.A.E.)
College of Engineering and Computer Science
Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Aerospace Engineering; Space System Design and Engineering
Length of Campus-only Access
Masters Thesis (Open Access)
Northam, Matthew, "Investigation of PS-PVD and EB-PVD Thermal Barrier Coatings Over Lifetime Using Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations, 2004-2019. 6697.