attosecond science, Yb laser, high power laser, waveform measurement, pulse compression, supercontinuum generation


Advancements in laser technology over the last decades have allowed compression of laser light pulses to few-femtosecond durations. To obtain even shorter pulses, a new mechanism was required. The discovery of high-order harmonic generation, a non-perturbative nonlinear optical process, allowed the conversion of ultrafast laser pulses into a coherent extreme ultraviolet light (XUV) source of attosecond pulses. The attosecond XUV light source, which corresponds to the natural time and energy scales of electron motion in matter, has provided a tool to capture the fastest dynamics in atoms, molecules, and solids and opened the field of attosecond science. However, the generation of isolated attosecond pulses has traditionally required state-of-the-art, few-cycle Ti:Sapphire laser systems and advanced facilities, which limit its applications in other science fields. Recently, ytterbium-doped solid state and fiber lasers have become attractive tools for ultrafast science and industrial applications, due largely to their prospects for scaling to high peak- and average power and their turn-key operation. However, applying these sources as driving lasers for attosecond pulse generation is challenging due to their long pulse durations.

In this dissertation, I discuss progress towards attosecond time-resolved experiments using a turn-key Yb:KGW laser amplifier. First, we overcome the unfavorable long laser pulse duration by generating broadband, coherent supercontinuum spectra via nonlinear propagation in a molecular gas-filled hollow-core fiber. The pulses are compressed to sub-two-cycle durations using a two-channel field synthesizer, and methods to mitigate thermal effects at high average powers are explored. The laser pulses are characterized using a new single-shot waveform measurement technique based on multiphoton excitation in a solid medium, and we demonstrate its applicability to studies of attosecond field reshaping during nonlinear propagation. Finally, a source of isolated iv attosecond pulses based on a two-stage hollow-core fiber compressor with carrier-envelope phase stabilization and temporal gating is proposed.

Completion Date




Committee Chair

Chini, Michael


Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)


College of Sciences



Degree Program






Release Date

June 2025

Length of Campus-only Access

1 year

Access Status

Doctoral Dissertation (Campus-only Access)

Campus Location

Orlando (Main) Campus

Restricted to the UCF community until June 2025; it will then be open access.