Visual Simulation Training Of Baseball Batters
Abbreviated Journal Title
Int. J. Sport Psychol.
Hospitality; Leisure; Sport & Tourism; Psychology; Psychology; Multidisciplinary; Sport Sciences
Evaluated the effectiveness of visual stimulation training film approaches to enhancing the visual pitch recognition and pitch location skills of collegiate baseball batters. Visual simulation training films were developed by filming collegiate baseball pitchers throwing fastballs and curves with the camera located in the right-handed batter's box. Films were then edited into a series of learning trials in which Ss were required to respond to questions regarding the type of pitch and its location in the hitting area. In Exp I, 11 Ss assigned to the experimental group received 1 hr of film training, and the 12 controls received no training. In Exp II, 36 Ss were assigned to 1 of 3 conditions and received slow-motion and/or real-time film training before or after the posttest. The dependent variables were Ss' recognition scores and location scores on a real-time 3-dimensional measure of visual skills by means of the Visual Interruption System, an apparatus designed for use in a bull pen. Group comparisons by means of t-tests indicated significant gains in location scores and nonsignificant changes in pitch recognition scores (probably due to initially high pretest levels). These gains occurred with use of slow-motion or real-time films, and most of the gains were maintained in a 6-wk follow up posttest.
International Journal of Sport Psychology
Burroughs, Wayne A., "Visual Simulation Training Of Baseball Batters" (1984). Faculty Bibliography 1980s. 277.