Effect Of Unweighting On Skeletal-Muscle Use During Exercise
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Appl. Physiol.
MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; NEUROMUSCULAR; ACTIVATION; ATROPHY; LOWER-LIMB SUSPENSION; HUMAN QUADRICEPS; MOTOR UNITS; PROTON T2; BED; REST; STRENGTH; IMMOBILIZATION; SPECTROSCOPY; ACTIVATION; VOLUNTARY; Physiology; Sport Sciences
Exercise-induced spin-spin relaxation time (T-2) shifts in magnetic resonance (MR) images were used to test the hypothesis that more muscle would be used to perform a given submaximal task after 5 wk of unweighting. Before and after unilateral lower Limb suspension (ULLS), 7 subjects performed 5 sets of 10 unilateral concentric actions with the quadriceps femoris muscle group (QF) at each of 4 loads: 25, 40, 55, and 70% of maximum. T-2-weighted MR images of the thigh were collected at rest and after each relative load. ULLS elicited a 20% decrease in strength of the left unweighted QF and a 14% decrease in average cross-sectional area (CSA) with no changes in the right weight-bearing QF. Average CSA of the left or right QF showing exercise-induced T-2 shift increased as a function of exercise intensity both before and after ULLS. On average, 12 +/- 1, 15 +/- 2, 18 +/- 2, and 22 +/- 1 cm(2) of either QF showed elevated T-2 for the 25, 40, 55, and 70% loads, respectively, before ULLS. Average CSA of the left but not the right QF, showing elevated T-2 after ULLS, was increased to 16 +/- 2, 23 +/- 3, 31 +/ 7, and 39 +/- 5 cm(2), respectively. The results indicated that unweighting increased exercise-induced T-2 shift in MR images, presumably due to greater muscle mass involvement in exercise after than before unweighting, suggesting a change in motor control.
Journal of Applied Physiology
"Effect Of Unweighting On Skeletal-Muscle Use During Exercise" (1995). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 1433.