Behavior of concrete columns confined by fiber composites
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Struct. Eng.-ASCE
STRENGTH; DUCTILITY; Construction & Building Technology; Engineering, Civil
External confinement of concrete by means of high-strength fiber composites can significantly enhance its strength and ductility as well as result in large energy absorption capacity. The confinement mechanism may include fiber-wrapping of existing columns as a retrofitting measure or encasement of concrete in a fiber reinforced plastic (FRP) tube for new construction. Proper design of such hybrid columns, however, requires an accurate estimate of the performance enhancement. Current design methods use simple extension of the models developed for conventional reinforced concrete columns. Results from a series of uniaxial compression tests on concrete-filled FRP tubes are compared with the available confinement models in the literature. The present study indicates that these models generally result in overestimating the strength and unsafe design. The study also shows a unique characteristic of confinement with fiber composites in that, unlike steel, FRP curtails the dilation tendency of concrete, as it reverses the direction of volumetric strains. This paper provides a framework for better understanding of the behavior of fiber-wrapped or FRP-encased concrete columns.
Journal of Structural Engineering-Asce
"Behavior of concrete columns confined by fiber composites" (1997). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 2018.