Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
Both experiment and numerical calculation were performed to study the nonlinear optical (NLO) effects in ferrofluids consisting of magnetic particles suspended in an organic solvent. We show that, in contrast to all the mechanisms responsible for NLO phenomena known so far, the novel NLO effects in ferrofluids in the zero applied field can be explained by the cross coupling between the temperature of the system and the concentration of particles through thermophoresis, which in turn leads to the spatial distribution of the refractive index. This NLO effect is enhanced by applying a moderate magnetic field whose mechanism is unclear so far.
Applied Physics Letters
Du, Tengda and Luo, Weili, "Nonlinear optical effects in ferrofluids induced by temperature and concentration cross coupling" (1998). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 2227.