3.0.co;2-r" >http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-0720(199906)13:3<283::aid-acp642>3.0.co;2-r

">
 

Title

In defence of keyword experiments: A reply to Gruneberg's commentary

Authors

Authors

A. Y. Wang;M. H. Thomas

Comments

Authors: contact us about adding a copy of your work at STARS@ucf.edu

Abbreviated Journal Title

Appl. Cogn. Psychol.

Keywords

LONG-TERM RETENTION; VOCABULARY; WORDS; ACQUISITION; MNEMONICS; Psychology, Experimental

Abstract

Gruneberg (1998) argues that our findings (e.g. Wang and Thomas, 1992; Thomas and Wang, 1996) that the keyword method of foreign language learning leads to poorer long-term retention than rote rehearsal when the delay interval is manipulated between subjects is uninteresting because, in a natural setting, students would normally be tested soon after study. In reply, we assert that our data are internally valid and inform us with respect to the nature of the underlying causal relationship. Specifically, our experimental findings lead us to conclude that the imagery-based encodings of the keyword method are very fragile and unlikely to be retrievable after a delay unless frequently rehearsed. Also, another consequence of the difficulty of retrieving keyword images is that translation time is slower for keyword learners than for learners who rote rehearse. We argue that design and implementation of language instruction programmes is most likely to be successful when educators understand the underlying causal factors. Consequently, informed debate on the effectiveness of a learning strategy can only proceed with evidence gathered from both, experimental and real-world settings. Copyright (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Journal Title

Applied Cognitive Psychology

Volume

13

Issue/Number

3

Publication Date

1-1-1999

Document Type

Article

Language

English

First Page

283

Last Page

287

WOS Identifier

WOS:000081667800008

ISSN

0888-4080

Share

COinS