Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
2-Photon Absorption; Limitation; Physics, Applied
Efficient ultrafast all-optical switching in nonlinear directional couplers made of AlGaAs and AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells near half the band gap is reported. The switching is limited by multiphoton absorption which is dominated by three-photon absorption in this spectral range. The three-photon absorption in the quantum well nonlinear directional coupler is stronger than that of bulk AlGaAs. Autocorrelations of the output pulses in the bar and cross states confirm pulse breakup through nonlinear coupling, and illustrate the effects of multiphoton absorption. All sets of experimental data are fitted well by a theoretical model.
Applied Physics Letters
Villeneuve, A.; Yang, C. C.; Wigley, P. G. J.; Stegeman, G. I.; Aitchison, J. S.; and Ironside, C. N., "Ultrafast All-Optical Switching In Semiconductor Nonlinear Directional-Couplers At Half The Band-Gap" (1992). Faculty Bibliography 1990s. 595.