Viscosity, relaxation and elastic properties of photo-thermo-refractive glass
Viscometry, ultrasonic echography and mechanical spectroscopy were applied to explore the thermo-mechanical properties of a photo-thermo-refractive (PTR) glass. Newtonian shear viscosity and ultrasonic velocity were used to determine the Maxwell time of structural relaxation. Two fast relaxation modes are found in PTR glass below glass transition temperature, which are attributed to alkali and mixed cation mobility. Respective activation energies, E(gamma) = 72 +/- 4 kJ mol(-1) and E(beta) = 117 +/- 4 kJ mol(-1), are considerably lower than that Of viscous flow at the glass transition E, 465 kJ mol-1 as quantified from mechanical spectroscopy. Decoupling ratios of E(gamma)/E(alpha) = 0.155 and E(beta)J(alpha), = 0.255 are similar to those of sodium trisilicate glass but at considerably longer timescales. These observations imply that beta- and gamma-relaxations are delayed as local structural arrangements are more complex for the multi-component PTR glass. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids
"Viscosity, relaxation and elastic properties of photo-thermo-refractive glass" (2009). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 1475.