Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
An electrically tunable diffraction phase grating using ultraviolet (UV)-light-induced spatial dielectric modulation of a dual-frequency liquid crystal (DFLC) cell is demonstrated. A photomask with transparent and opaque stripes was used for fabricating the grating. In the UV-exposed stripes, the negative dielectric anisotropy (Deltaepsilon) tolane compound of the DFLC mixture is partially polymerized resulting in a decreased threshold voltage as compared to that of the unexposed region. Upon applying a constant voltage, the phase difference between the adjacent pixels is produced. The first-order diffraction efficiency reaches similar to60% which agrees well with the simulation results. Due to the dual-frequency addressing at 30 V-rms, the response time of the DFLC phase grating was measured to be similar to1 ms at room temperature.
Applied Physics Letters
Lin, Pao-Tai; Liang, Xiao; Ren, Hongwen; and Wu, Shin-Tson, "Tunable diffraction grating using ultraviolet-light-induced spatial phase modulation in dual-frequency liquid crystal" (2004). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 4544.