Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Appl. Phys.
LIGHT MODULATORS; ANISOTROPIC GELS; SCATTERING; GRATINGS; Physics, Applied
A normal-mode liquid-crystal (LC) gel for phase-only modulation is demonstrated. In the absence of an electric field, the gel has negligible light scattering. Upon application of an electric field, the gel becomes highly transparent and exhibits phase modulation capability. For a 20-mu m transmissive E48 LC gel, the phase shift reaches 0.55 pi at lambda=633 nm and the response time is similar to 2 ms. Although the phase change is not very large, it is sufficient for making adaptive microphotonic devices. Such a normal-mode LC gel-based phase modulator is free from scattering and hysteresis and has a fast response time and good long-term operation stability.
Journal of Applied Physics
Ren, Hongwen; Wu, Janet R.; and Wu, Shin-Tson, "Phase-only modulation using a normal-mode liquid-crystal gel" (2005). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 5587.