Zero-voltage-switching dc-dc converters with synchronous rectifiers
Abbreviated Journal Title
IEEE Trans. Power Electron.
buck; converter; dc-dc; resonant tank; reverse recovery; synchronous; rectifier (SR); topology; zero-voltage-switching (ZVS); Engineering, Electrical & Electronic
Active resonant tank (ART) cells are proposed in this paper to achieve zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) and eliminate body-diode conduction in dc-dc converters with synchronous rectifiers (SRs). In low-output-voltage dc-dc converters, SRs are widely utilized to reduce rectifier conduction loss and improve converter efficiency. However, during switches' transition, SRs' parasitic body diodes unavoidably carry load current, which decreases conversion efficiency because voltage drop across body diodes is much higher than that across SRs. Moreover, body diodes' reverse recovery leads to increased switching losses and electromagnetic interference. With the proposed cells of an ART, the body diode conduction of the SR is eliminated during the switching transition from a SR to an active switch, and thus body diode reverse-recovery-related switching and ringing losses are saved. An ART cell consists of a LC resonant tank and an auxiliary switch. A resonant tank cell is charged in a resonant manner and energy is stored in the capacitor of the tank. Prior to a switching transition from a SR to an active switch, the energy stored in the tank capacitor is released and converted to inductor current, which forces the SR current changes direction to avoid conduction of the body diode and related reverse recovery when the SR turns off. Moreover, at the help of energy released from the ART, the active switch's junction capacitance is discharged, which allows the active switch turns on at ZVS. Since energy commutation occurs only during switching transition, conduction loss in the ART cell is limited. Moreover, the auxiliary switch turns off at ZVS and the SR operates at ZVS. The concept of ART cells is generally introduced and detailed analysis is presented based on a synchronous buck converter. Experimental results show the proposed ART cell improves conversion efficiency due to the reduced switching loss, body diodes' conduction, and reverse-recovery losses.
Ieee Transactions on Power Electronics
"Zero-voltage-switching dc-dc converters with synchronous rectifiers" (2008). Faculty Bibliography 2000s. 682.