Encapsulated nano-heat-sinks for thermal management of heterogeneous chemical reactions
Abbreviated Journal Title
PHASE-CHANGE MATERIALS; PACKED-BED REACTOR; METHANOL OXIDATION; CATALYTIC REACTOR; BATCH REACTORS; RUNAWAY; TEMPERATURE; DECOMPOSITION; PARTICLES; TRANSPORT; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Nanoscience & Nanotechnology; Materials; Science, Multidisciplinary; Physics, Applied
This paper describes a new way to control temperatures of heterogeneous exothermic reactions such as heterogeneous catalytic reaction and polymerization by using encapsulated nanoparticles of phase change materials as thermally functional additives. Silica-encapsulated indium nanoparticles and silica encapsulated paraffin nanoparticles are used to absorb heat released in catalytic reaction and to mitigate gel effect of polymerization, respectively. The local hot spots that are induced by non-homogenous catalyst packing, reactant concentration fluctuation, and abrupt change of polymerization rate lead to solid to liquid phase change of nanoparticle cores so as to avoid thermal runaway by converting energies from exothermic reactions to latent heat of fusion. By quenching local hot spots at initial stage, reaction rates do not rise significantly because the thermal energy produced in reaction is isothermally removed. Nanoparticles of phase change materials will open a new dimension for thermal management of exothermic reactions to quench local hot spots, prevent thermal runaway of reaction, and change product distribution.
"Encapsulated nano-heat-sinks for thermal management of heterogeneous chemical reactions" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 1010.