Electrospray cooling for microelectronics
Abbreviated Journal Title
Int. J. Heat Mass Transf.
Spray cooling; MEMS; Electrospray; HEAT-TRANSFER; SOLID-SURFACE; DROPLET; IMPACT; IMPINGEMENT; TEMPERATURE; DEPOSITION; LIQUIDS; MICRO; Thermodynamics; Engineering, Mechanical; Mechanics
The challenge of effectively removing high heat flux from microelectronic chips may hinder future advancements in the semiconductor industry. Spray cooling is a promising solution to dissipate high heat flux, but traditional sprays suffer from low cooling efficiency partly because of droplet rebound. Here we show that electrosprays provide highly efficient cooling by completely avoiding the droplet rebound, when the electrically charged droplets are pinned on the heated conducting surface by the electric image force. We demonstrate a cooling system consisting of microfabricated multiplexed electrosprays in the cone-jet mode generating electrically charged microdroplets that remove a heat flux of 96 W/cm(2) with a cooling efficiency reaching 97%. Scale-up considerations suggest that the electrospray approach is well suited for practical applications by increasing the level of multiplexing and by preserving the system compactness using microfabrication. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
"Electrospray cooling for microelectronics" (2011). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 1245.