Working Memory Deficits and Social Problems in Children with ADHD
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Abnorm. Child Psychol.
ADHD; Working memory; Social problems; Central executive; ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER; SYMPTOM INVENTORY-4; BEHAVIORAL-PROBLEMS; PEER RELATIONSHIPS; BOYS; VALIDITY; ADJUSTMENT; RELIABILITY; PERFORMANCE; Psychology, Clinical; Psychology, Developmental
Social problems are a prevalent feature of ADHD and reflect a major source of functional impairment for these children. The current study examined the impact of working memory deficits on parent-and teacher-reported social problems in a sample of children with ADHD and typically developing boys (N=39). Bootstrapped, bias-corrected mediation analyses revealed that the impact of working memory deficits on social problems is primarily indirect. That is, impaired social interactions in children with ADHD reflect, to a significant extent, the behavioral outcome of being unable to maintain a focus of attention on information within working memory while simultaneously dividing attention among multiple, on-going events and social cues occurring within the environment. Central executive deficits impacted social problems through both inattentive and impulsive-hyperactive symptoms, whereas the subsidiary phonological and visuospatial storage/rehearsal systems demonstrated a more limited yet distinct relationship with children's social problems.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
"Working Memory Deficits and Social Problems in Children with ADHD" (2011). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 1489.