The C. elegans SoxC protein SEM-2 opposes differentiation factors to promote a proliferative blast cell fate in the postembryonic mesoderm
Abbreviated Journal Title
Mesoderm; M lineage; Sex myoblast; Bodywall muscle; SoxC; SEM-2; Hox; PBC; Proliferation; Differentiation; HUMAN PROSTATE-CANCER; CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS; GENE-EXPRESSION; HOX; PROTEIN; BETA-CATENIN; HOMOLOG; PATHWAY; MUSCLE; CEH-20; ROLES; Developmental Biology
The proper development of multicellular organisms requires precise regulation and coordination of cell fate specification, cell proliferation and differentiation. Abnormal regulation and coordination of these processes could lead to disease, including cancer. We have examined the function of the sole C. elegans SoxC protein, SEM-2, in the M lineage, which produces the postembryonic mesoderm. We found that SEM-2/SoxC is both necessary and sufficient to promote a proliferating blast cell fate, the sex myoblast fate, over a differentiated striated bodywall muscle fate. A number of factors control the specific expression of sem-2 in the sex myoblast precursors and their descendants. This includes direct control of sem-2 expression by a Hox-PBC complex. The crucial nature of the HOX/PBC factors in directly enhancing expression of this proliferative factor in the C. elegans M lineage suggests a possible more general link between Hox-PBC factors and SoxC proteins in regulating cell proliferation.
"The C. elegans SoxC protein SEM-2 opposes differentiation factors to promote a proliferative blast cell fate in the postembryonic mesoderm" (2011). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 1998.