Folate Receptor-Targeted Aggregation-Enhanced Near-IR Emitting Silica Nanoprobe for One-Photon in Vivo and Two-Photon ex Vivo Fluorescence Bioimaging
Abbreviated Journal Title
CANCER-CELLS; ORGANIC NANOPARTICLES; INFLAMMATORY DISEASES; INDUCED; EMISSION; GENE DELIVERY; QUANTUM DOTS; MICROSCOPY; THERAPY; PROBES; DRUG; Biochemical Research Methods; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary; Chemistry, Organic
A two-photon absorbing (2PA) and aggregation-enhanced near-infrared (MR) emitting pyran derivative, encapsulated in and stabilized by silica nanopartides (SiNPs), is reported as a nanoprobe for two-photon fluorescence microscopy (2PFM) bioimaging that overcomes the fluorescence quenching associated with high chromophore loading. The new SiNP probe exhibited aggregate-enhanced emission producing nearly twice as strong a signal as the unaggregated dye, a 3-fold increase in two-photon absorption relative to the DFP in solution, and approximately 4-fold increase in photostability. The surface of the nanoparticles was functionalized with a folic acid (FA) derivative for folate-mediated delivery of the nanoprobe for 2PFM bioimaging. Surface modification of SiNPs with the FA derivative was supported by zeta potential variation and H-1 NMR spectral characterization of the SiNPs as a function of surface modification. In vitro studies using HeLa cells expressing a folate receptor (FR) indicated specific cellular uptake of the functionalized nanopartides. The nanoprobe was demonstrated for FR-targeted one-photon in vivo imaging of HeLa tumor xenograft in mice upon intravenous injection of the probe. The FR-targeting nanoprobe not only exhibited highly selective tumor targeting but also readily extravasated from tumor vessels, penetrated into the tumor parenchyma, and was internalized by the tumor cells. Two-photon fluorescence microscopy bioimaging provided three-dimensional (3D) cellular-level resolution imaging up to 350 mu m deep in the HeLa tumor.
"Folate Receptor-Targeted Aggregation-Enhanced Near-IR Emitting Silica Nanoprobe for One-Photon in Vivo and Two-Photon ex Vivo Fluorescence Bioimaging" (2011). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2077.