Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
We study the thermal effects that lead to instability and break up in acoustically levitated vaporizing fuel droplets. For selective liquids, atomization occurs at the droplet equator under external heating. Short wavelength [Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH)] instability for diesel and bio-diesel droplets triggers this secondary atomization. Vapor pressure, latent heat, and specific heat govern the vaporization rate and temperature history, which affect the surface tension gradient and gas phase density, ultimately dictating the onset of KH instability. We develop a criterion based on Weber number to define a condition for the inception of secondary atomization.
Applied Physics Letters
Basu, Saptarshi; Saha, Abhishek; and Kumar, Ranganathan, "Thermally induced secondary atomization of droplet in an acoustic field" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2268.