The Relationship Between Typical and Maximum Performance: A Meta-Analytic Examination
Abbreviated Journal Title
ASSESSMENT-CENTER VALIDITY; GENERAL MENTAL-ABILITY; JOB-PERFORMANCE; DYNAMIC CRITERIA; MANAGERIAL PERFORMANCE; CRITICAL REANALYSIS; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES; RANGE RESTRICTION; 5-FACTOR MODEL; PERSONALITY; Psychology, Applied
This study's purpose was to meta-analytically estimate the magnitude of the relationship between typical and maximum job performance to determine if this distinction deserves greater attention. We also tested several moderators including three associated with the temporal boundaries of this relationship and examined theoretical antecedents of typical and maximum performance (ability, motivation, and personality). This meta-analysis revealed a moderate typical-maximum performance association (rho = .42), suggesting that a meaningful distinction does exist. Although the examined temporal moderators did not meaningfully affect the typical-maximum performance relationship, task complexity, type of performance measure, and study setting were significant moderators. Antecedent analyses confirmed that both ability and Openness to Experience are more strongly related to maximum than typical performance. The implications of these findings are discussed.
"The Relationship Between Typical and Maximum Performance: A Meta-Analytic Examination" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2300.