Residential Segregation, Socioeconomic Status, and Disability: A Multi-Level Study of Puerto Ricans in the United States
Abbreviated Journal Title
Residential Segregation; Latinos; Puerto Ricans; Health Disparities; Disability; Racialized Place Inequality Framework; RACIAL SEGREGATION; HEALTH DISPARITIES; HOUSING DISCRIMINATION; SOCIAL; DISORGANIZATION; HISPANIC AMERICANS; UNDERCLASS DEBATE; MENTAL-HEALTH; POVERTY; INEQUALITIES; POLICY; Area Studies
Although socioeconomic status (SES) is hypothesized to be one of the key mechanisms that links segregation to health, there are no multilevel studies that examine if SES mediates the relationship between segregation and disability among Puerto Ricans across the U.S. This paper introduces the Racialized Place Inequality Framework and addresses three questions: Does segregation affect the likelihood that Puerto Ricans have a disability? Are higher levels of segregation associated with lower SES? Does SES mediate the relationship between segregation and disability? Multilevel results from the 2008-2010 American Community Survey (ACS) and 2000 U.S. Census show that segregation (1) increases individuals' probability of having a disability, (2) is associated with lower levels of SES, and (3) affects disability directly and indirectly through SES. These findings indicate that segregation is a powerful upstream-macro level social structure that continues to limit the life chances of people of color in the U.S. through SES.
"Residential Segregation, Socioeconomic Status, and Disability: A Multi-Level Study of Puerto Ricans in the United States" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2344.