Modeling the activation of tobacco smoking expectancies in memory in relation to use patterns
Abbreviated Journal Title
Tobacco; Expectancy; Multidimensional scaling; Memory models; Smoking; DRINKING-RELATED DIFFERENCES; ELEMENTARY-SCHOOL-CHILDREN; ALCOHOL; EXPECTANCIES; CIGARETTE-SMOKING; OUTCOME EXPECTANCIES; CONSEQUENCES; QUESTIONNAIRE; RISK-FACTORS; NETWORK; CHALLENGE; SMOKERS; Psychology, Clinical; Substance Abuse
Methodology that has led to successful strategies to reduce alcohol use was applied to tobacco smoking expectancies. Individual differences scaling was used to empirically model a semantic network of associations stored in memory and preference mapping was used to model likely paths of expectancy activation for groups with different smoking histories. Smokers emphasized an external appearance-internal experience dimension and were more likely to activate expectancies of negative affect reduction. Nonsmokers emphasized a positive-negative dimension and were more likely to activate expectancies of health risks and reduced physical attractiveness. Proportionate frequencies of first associates' validated findings of the MDS-based solutions. Future efforts to alter likely activation patterns may successfully reduce the onset of smoking, enhance quit rates, and reduce relapse. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
"Modeling the activation of tobacco smoking expectancies in memory in relation to use patterns" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 2946.