SUBMILLISECOND-RESPONSE; MICROLENS; GELS; MODULATORS
A simple approach for preparing gradient polymer network liquid crystal (PNLC) with a large refractive index change is demonstrated. To control the effective refractive index at a given cell position, we applied a voltage to a homogeneous cell containing LC/diacrylate monomer mixture to generate the desired tilt angle and then stabilize the LC orientation with UV-induced polymer network. By varying the applied voltage along with the cells' movement, a PNLC with a gradient refractive index distribution is obtained. In comparison with conventional approaches using patterned photomask or electrode, our method offers following advantages: large refractive index change, freedom to design specific index profile, and large panel capability. Potential applications include tunable-focus lenses, prism gratings, phase modulators, and other adaptive photonic devices.
Ren, Hongwen; Xu, Su; and Wu, Shin-Tson, "Gradient polymer network liquid crystal with a large refractive index change" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 3185.