Effects of acoustic-streaming-induced flow in evaporating nanofluid droplets
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Fluid Mech.
drops; micro-/nano-fluid dynamics; LEVITATED DROPLETS; PLANE; Mechanics; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
We study the effect of acoustic streaming on nanoparticle motion and morphological evolution inside an acoustically levitated droplet using an analytical approach coupled with experiments. Nanoparticle migration due to internal recirculation forms a density stratification, the location of which depends on initial particle concentration. The time scale of density stratification is similar to that of perikinetic-driven agglomeration of particle flocculation. The density stratification ultimately leads to force imbalance leading to a unique bowl-shaped structure. Our analysis shows the mechanism of bowl formation and how it is affected by particle size, concentration, internal recirculation and fluid viscosity.
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
"Effects of acoustic-streaming-induced flow in evaporating nanofluid droplets" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 3225.