Fully nonlinear local induction equation describing the motion of a vortex filament in superfluid He-4
Abbreviated Journal Title
J. Fluid Mech.
Computational methods; Vortex dynamics; Quantum fluids; ROTATING HELIUM-II; KNOTS; APPROXIMATION; DYNAMICS; Mechanics; Physics, Fluids & Plasmas
We obtain the fully nonlinear local induction equation describing the motion of a vortex filament in superfluid He-4. As the relevant friction parameters are small, we linearize terms involving such parameters, while keeping the remaining nonlinearities, which accurately describe the curvature of the vortex filament, intact. The resulting equation is a type of nonlinear Schrodinger equation, and, under an appropriate change of variables, this equation is shown to have a first integral. This is in direct analogy with the simpler equation studied previously in the literature; indeed, in the limit where the superfluid parameters are taken to zero, we recover the results of Van Gorder. While this first integral is mathematically interesting, it is not particularly useful for computing solutions to the nonlinear partial differential equation which governs the vortex filament. As such, we introduce a new change of dependent variable, which results in a nonlinear four-dimensional system that can be numerically integrated. Integrating this system, we recover solutions to the fully nonlinear local induction equation describing the motion of a vortex filament in superfluid He-4. We find that the qualitative features of the solutions depend not only on the superfluid friction parameters, but also strongly on the initial conditions taken, the curvature and the normal fluid velocity.
Journal of Fluid Mechanics
"Fully nonlinear local induction equation describing the motion of a vortex filament in superfluid He-4" (2012). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 3424.