Determination of Sex From the Hyoid Bone
Abbreviated Journal Title
Am. J. Phys. Anthropol.
sexual dimorphism; discriminate function analysis; forensic anthropology; AGE; Anthropology; Evolutionary Biology
This article explores size differences related to sex in the hyoid bones from the Robert J. Terry Anatomical Collection. A series of measurements were taken from 398 hyoids, both fused and unfused. The inclusion of unfused hyoids in the study provides the opportunity to investigate previously unknown size differences between sexes as well as to determine their utility in determining sex. Two-way ANOVA was used to explore differences in hyoid size as related to ancestry and sex. Discriminant function analysis was employed to test the ability of the hyoids to be classified by sex. Six discriminant function equations ranging in accuracy from 82% to 85% are provided, each of which is more accurate than many of the discriminant functions developed in past hyoid research, are simple to use, and can be used to estimate the sex of a hyoid regardless of its state of fusion. In addition to providing further information about the morphological form of the hyoid, these analyses provide a method that can be easily employed to assess sex of the individual from the hyoid bone. Am J Phys Anthropol 143:279-284, 2010. (C) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
American Journal of Physical Anthropology
"Determination of Sex From the Hyoid Bone" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 361.