Abbreviated Journal Title
Appl. Phys. Lett.
WAVE-GUIDE ARRAYS; BLOCH OSCILLATIONS; RESONANT DELOCALIZATION; POLARIZATION SPLITTER; ISOLATORS; Physics, Applied
We propose integrated optical structures that can be used as isolators and polarization splitters based on engineered photonic lattices. Starting from optical waveguide arrays that mimic Fock space (quantum state with a well-defined particle number) representation of a non-interacting two-site Bose Hubbard Hamiltonian, we show that introducing magneto-optic nonreciprocity to these structures leads to a superior optical isolation performance. In the forward propagation direction, an input TM polarized beam experiences a perfect state transfer between the input and output waveguide channels while surface Bloch oscillations block the backward transmission between the same ports. Our analysis indicates a large isolation ratio of 75 dB after a propagation distance of 8 mm inside seven coupled waveguides. Moreover, we demonstrate that, a judicious choice of the nonreciprocity in this same geometry can lead to perfect polarization splitting.
Applied Physics Letters
El-Ganainy, R.; Eisfeld, A.; Levy, Miguel; and Christodoulides, D. N., "On-chip non-reciprocal optical devices based on quantum inspired photonic lattices" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 3945.