Climate change impacts on crop production in Iran's Zayandeh-Rud River Basin
Abbreviated Journal Title
Sci. Total Environ.
Climate change; Agriculture; Crop production; Water resources; management; Zayandeh-Rud; Iran; SOIL-EROSION; WHEAT PRODUCTIVITY; CHANGE SCENARIOS; MAIZE PRODUCTION; MODEL; CHINA; UNCERTAINTY; VARIABILITY; CIRCULATION; CALIFORNIA; Environmental Sciences
This study evaluates climate change impacts on crop production and water productivity of four major crops (wheat, barley, rice, and corn) in Iran's Zayandeh-Rud River Basin. Multi-model ensemble scenarios are used to deal with uncertainties in climate change projections for the study period (2015-2044). On average, monthly temperature will increase by 1.1 to 1.5 degrees C under climate change. Monthly precipitation changes may be positive or negative in different months of the year. Nevertheless, on the annual basis, precipitation will decrease by 11 to 31% with climate change. While warming can potentially shorten the crop growth period, crop production and water productivity of all crops are expected to decrease due to lower precipitation and higher water requirements under higher temperature. Out of the four studied crops, rice and corn are more vulnerable to climate change due to their high irrigation water demand. So, their continued production can be compromised under climate change. This finding is of particular importance, given the locally high economic and food value of these crops in central Iran. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Science of the Total Environment
"Climate change impacts on crop production in Iran's Zayandeh-Rud River Basin" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4038.