Role of Si on the Diffusional Interactions Between U-Mo and Al-Si Alloys at 823 K (550 degrees C)
Abbreviated Journal Title
Metall. Mater. Trans. A-Phys. Metall. Mater. Sci.
URANIUM-MOLYBDENUM ALLOYS; MO/AL DISPERSION FUEL; TRANSMISSION; ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY; NUCLEAR-RESEARCH REACTORS; HEAVY-ION IRRADIATION; X-RAY-DIFFRACTION; GAMMA-PHASE; WT.PERCENT-MO; HIGH-DENSITY; THERMAL; COMPATIBILITY; Materials Science, Multidisciplinary; Metallurgy & Metallurgical; Engineering
U-Mo dispersions in Al-alloy matrix and monolithic fuels encased in Al-alloy are under development to fulfill the requirements for research and test reactors to use low-enriched molybdenum stabilized uranium alloy fuels. Significant interaction takes place between the U-Mo fuel and Al during manufacturing and in-reactor irradiation. The interaction products are Al-rich phases with physical and thermal characteristics that adversely affect fuel performance and result in premature failure. Detailed analysis of the interdiffusion and microstructural development of this system was carried through diffusion couples consisting of U-7 wt pct Mo, U-10 wt pct Mo and U-12 wt pct Mo in contact with pure Al, Al-2 wt pct Si, and Al-5 wt pct Si, annealed at 823 K (550 degrees C) for 1, 5 and 20 hours. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were employed for the analysis. Diffusion couples consisting of U-Mo in contact with pure Al contained UAl3, UAl4, U6Mo4Al43, and UMo2Al20 phases. Additions of Si to the Al significantly reduced the thickness of the interdiffusion zone. The interdiffusion zones developed Al- and Si-enriched regions, whose locations and size depended on the Si and Mo concentrations in the terminal alloys. In these couples, the (U, Mo)(Al, Si) 3 phase was observed throughout the interdiffusion zone, and the U6Mo4Al43 and UMo2Al20 phases were observed only where the Si concentrations were low.
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions a-Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Perez, Emmanuel; Sohn, Yong-Ho; and Keiser, Dennis D. Jr., "Role of Si on the Diffusional Interactions Between U-Mo and Al-Si Alloys at 823 K (550 degrees C)" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4528.