The Metabolic and Endocrine Response and Health Implications of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Findings From Recent Randomized Controlled Trials
Abbreviated Journal Title
FRUCTOSE CORN SYRUP; CONTROLLED FEEDING TRIALS; AMERICAN-HEART-ASSOCIATION; NORMAL DIETARY CONSUMPTION; FATTY; LIVER-DISEASE; DE-NOVO LIPOGENESIS; BODY-WEIGHT; INSULIN SENSITIVITY; BLOOD-PRESSURE; NONNUTRITIVE SWEETENERS; Nutrition & Dietetics
Fructose-containing sugars, including fructose itself, high fructose corn syrup (HFCS), and sucrose have engendered considerable controversy. The effects of HFCS and sucrose in sugar-sweetened beverages, in particular, have generated intense scientific debate that has spilled over to the public. This controversy is related to well-known differences in metabolism between fructose and glucose in the liver. In addition, research studies have often been conducted comparing pure fructose and pure glucose even though neither is consumed to any appreciable degree in isolation in the human diet. Other evidence has been drawn from animal studies and epidemiologic or cohort studies. Few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have compared HFCS with sucrose (the 2 sugars most commonly consumed in the human diet) at dosage amounts within the normal human consumption range. This review compares results of recently concluded RCTs with other forms of evidence related to fructose, HFCS, and sucrose. We conclude that great caution must be used when suggesting adverse health effects of consuming these sugars in the normal way they are consumed and at the normal amounts in the human diet, because RCTs do not support adverse health consequences at these doses when employing these sugars.
Advances in Nutrition
Article; Proceedings Paper
"The Metabolic and Endocrine Response and Health Implications of Consuming Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: Findings From Recent Randomized Controlled Trials" (2013). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 4600.