Analysis of systematic error in "bead method" measurements of meteorite bulk volume and density
Abbreviated Journal Title
Planet Space Sci.
Meteorite physical properties; Bulk density; Bead method; Porosity; INTERNAL STRUCTURE; POROSITY; CHONDRITES; Astronomy & Astrophysics
The Archimedean glass bead method for determining meteorite bulk density has become widely applied. We used well characterized, zero-porosity quartz and topaz samples to determine the systematic error in the glass bead method to support bulk density measurements of meteorites for our ongoing meteorite survey. Systematic error varies according to bead size, container size and settling method, but in all cases is less than 3%, and generally less than 2%. While measurements using larger containers (above 150 cm(3)) exhibit no discernible systematic error but much reduced precision, higher precision measurements with smaller containers do exhibit systematic error. For a 77 cm(3) container using 40-80 mu m diameter beads, the systematic error is effectively eliminated within measurement uncertainties when a "secured shake" settling method is employed in which the container is held securely to the shake platform during a 5 s period of vigorous shaking. For larger 700-800 mu m diameter beads using the same method, bulk volumes are uniformly overestimated by 2%. Other settling methods exhibit sample-volume-dependent biases. For all methods, reliability of measurement is severely reduced for samples below similar to 5 cm(3) (10-15 g for typical meteorites), providing a lower-limit selection criterion for measurement of meteoritical samples. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Planetary and Space Science
"Analysis of systematic error in "bead method" measurements of meteorite bulk volume and density" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 488.