Abbreviated Journal Title
techniques: photometric; techniques: spectroscopic; brown dwarfs; proper; motions; stars: distances; DIGITAL SKY SURVEY; PROPER MOTION STARS; YOUNG BROWN DWARFS; SPECTRAL; TYPE-L; T-DWARFS; OPTICAL SPECTROSCOPY; COOL NEIGHBORS; SPITZER; OBSERVATIONS; BINARY-SYSTEMS; SURVEY 2MASS; Astronomy & Astrophysics
Aims. We search for new ultracool dwarfs and report here our observations of 78 ultracool dwarf candidates that have been photometrically selected using the DENIS survey point source catalogue. We analyze low-resolution optical spectroscopic observations to estimate spectral types of all candidates. Methods. We derive spectral types for each object using measurements of the PC3 spectral index as defined in Martin et al. They range from M6 to L3. The Ha emission and NaI subordinate doublet (818.3 nm and 819.9 nm) equivalent widths are measured in the spectra to identify young stellar objects. Spectroscopic indices of TiO, VO, CrH, and FeH molecular features are also reported. Results. A rule-of-thumb criterion for selecting young very low-mass objects using the NaI doublet equivalent width is given. It is used to confirm seven new members of the Upper Sco OB association and two new members of the R Cr-A star-forming region. Four of our field objects are also classified as very young, but are not members of any known nearby young association. The frequency of lower-gravity young objects in our field ultracool sample is 8.5%. Our results provide the first spectroscopic classification for 42 ultracool dwarfs in the solar vicinity with spectrophotometric distances in the range 17 pc to 65 pc (3 of them being new L dwarfs within 20 pc).
Astronomy & Astrophysics
Martín, E. L.; Phan-Bao, N.; Bessell, M.; Delfosse, X.; Forveille, T.; Magazzù, A.; Reylé, C.; Bouy, H.; and Tata, R., "Spectroscopic characterization of 78 DENIS ultracool dwarf candidates in the solar neighborhood and the Upper Scorpii OB association" (2010). Faculty Bibliography 2010s. 512.